Indigenous knowledge is the mover engine of development
*Dr. Jalal yousefi
Rural development researcher and indigenous knowledge *
Indigenous knowledge is derived of text human societies over the years that has been transferred orally and chest to chest from generation to generation and it has been the result of trial and error that has emerged in the natural substrate and it is rooted in context and beliefs of people. indigenous knowledge is the local knowledge, a knowledge that is unique in creating a culture and society. This knowledge is called knowledge that is derived from Specific geographic area and is produced naturally. But knowledge villagers be affected by geographical area outside the village.It knowledge is part of the national assets whatever the ethnic includes beliefs, values, methods, tools and their local knowledge and it is the same knowledge have taken different ethnicities over the centuries his Sustenance by it. Have Procurement their clothes, have resettled in a shelter themselves, have trained their children, have reintegrate their community, and have preserved their health and livestock.
Warren knows indigenous knowledge and local knowledge that is confined to a specific culture or a certain community. It is different indigenous knowledge with scientific knowledge that that has been created by Universities and associations scientific and research. this knowledge is the basis for local decisions in the field of agriculture, health, food preparation and conversion, education, management, natural resources and numerous other activities in rural communities.
Lionberger and Gwin: Indigenous knowledge is knowledge by farmers and their experience has been learned and transmitted from one generation to another.
opinion of thinkers this field is about characteristics of indigenous knowledge will follow: grenier, attributes like cumulative and dynamic, epidemic, suffused with culture, local, implicit and unwritten, transmitted orally, is experimental, learned the through repetition and continuous changing, holistic, is rapidly destroying and is Practical, based on experience and trial and error, public-oriented, oo remix culture and religious beliefs, and finally that indigenous knowledge it prefers the lowest risk and the most benefit. Knowledge of villagers is not a purely technical, is not static, it is never enough, is rooted within political economy and the broader context of policy.
Pretty,.J: Low cost for indigenous peoples, lack of employment with this knowledge at the current time, technical solutions partially within scientific trend – development, doubt to be able to develop and acceptable in current situation.
Brokensha: compatibility with abundant labor force and low demand for capital, dynamism, fully compatible local, acceptance of diverse production systems, the emphasis on conservation of resources and avoid from risk, rational decision making, fexible strategies for emergencies(such as drought and famine), simple agronomic, Simple intelligently agronomic and innovative cultivation for multi-crop cultivation, combine and full extraction productive methods with social institutions, fexibility and fexibility and High performance.William and Mucena: he knows the characteristics of indigenous knowledge:Integrated system of recognition of values, beliefs and practices of local and community i terms of aplaication.